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Please be aware that grain spawn may take 2-3 weeks to ship.
At its simplest, grain spawn is the living culture of a fungus, called mycelium, growing on a grain-based material, or substrate. It can be used as a tool for expanding the amount of fungal material you have, through inoculation. Serving a similar function to seeds, spawn is what growers use to start cultivating mushrooms. Where a gardener or farmer might plant a tomato seed to grow a tomato plant, a mushroom gardener or mushroom farmer will use mushroom spawn to grow edible fungi. More info on the difference between growing from spores and from a culture can be found in our Spawn FAQ
Grain spawn is one of the main materials used in commercial scale indoor mushroom production. It has a high nitrogen content, giving the fungi a nutrient boost in their growth from its starter culture to a solid substrate. Different growers prefer different grains, though the most common are millet, wheat, and rye. Here at North Spore, we make our grain spawn with a blend of organic millet and wheat berries. We find there’s a sweet spot in this combination- wheat berries offer great moisture holding capacity, and millet provides a high number of inoculation points due to it’s small particle size. Since grain is nutrient dense, it is more prone to contamination - other competitor fungi, microbes, and even larger creatures in outdoor spaces are eager to eat this rich food. That means in most cases, sterile technique and sterilized or pasteurized materials are recommended for grain spawn applications.
Type: A proprietary blend of sterilized organic grains including millet and wheat berries
Weight: Approximately 6 lbs
Hydration: Average of 47%
Bags: gusseted 2.2 mil polypropylene
Filter: High efficiency .2 micron
Inoculation Rates: 6 lb. bag of grain will inoculate between 120-165 lb. sterilized sawdust, and 100-130 lb. pasteurized straw
Storage: All but Pink Oyster should be kept in a refrigerator
Shelf life: Use within 2-3 months
Sterilization: Commercial grade autoclave sterilized
North Spore is a producer with integrity. We are committed to providing high quality spawn to commercial and home-scale growers alike. To achieve this, we follow strict protocols for production and employ several quality control checks. North Spore produces all our spawn in-house, primarily by two of our trained mycologists on staff. We sterilize all our grain products in a commercial autoclave, using bioindicators to verify sterilization in each batch. All of our lab work is conducted following proper aseptic techniques that utilize pharmaceutical grade flow hoods and positively pressured work spaces. North Spore maintains an extensive culture bank of over 200 different fungal strains that are cryogenically stored to maintain long term vigor. From this culture bank we select strains based on ease of growth, speed of colonization, and overall fruit body yield and quality. The grain spawn that we produce is always second generation which gives you the option for further expansion.
We are practicing organic, working toward certification.
It depends on your scale, space, and equipment. Grain Spawn is most often used for indoor commercial production, but has some applications for the home-grower or enthusiast. Since the grain is nutrient dense, it’s more likely to contaminate than wood based substrates. Unless your project is outdoors, you’ll want to pre-treat your substrate with pasteurization or sterilization to eliminate potential competitor microbes. These processes range from requiring a fair amount of infrastructure for larger scale projects to simple and low-tech for small scale or Oyster mushroom species projects.
For species in the Oyster mushroom genus (Pleurotus), grain spawn can be mixed into sterilized or lime pasteurized substrates including but not limited to hardwood sawdust, straw, coffee grounds, and agricultural wastes.
For most other species substrates need to be cooked and sterilized in a steam tank or autoclave. North Spore uses our grain spawn for all in-house production.
We recommend purchasing a book on mushroom cultivation if you are interested in indoor cultivation as a hobby or profession. Some great resources to start with are: 'Radical Mycology: A Treatise on Seeing and Working with Fungi' by Peter McCoy, 'Organic Mushroom Farming and Mycoremediation' by Tradd Cotter, or 'Growing Gourmet and Medicinal Mushrooms' by Paul Stamets.
For species in the Oyster mushroom family, grain spawn can be mixed into straw beds, bales, and less commonly wood chips to form outdoor mushroom beds. Few other species on grain spawn have been used in outdoor applications. Sawdust spawn is a great option for outdoor grows.
*Only certain species of Grain Spawn have been proven to work successfully in outdoor straw, wood chip, or compost beds. When this method is applicable, it will be listed under 'Inoculation Methods' in the species descriptions.